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Biodiversity describes our planet’s rich variety of life, from species to ecosystems. To produce the food we need to thrive, agriculture relies on diverse plants, animals and even microbes in healthy soils1. Over time, due to climate change, habitat loss, agriculture practices and other causes, biodiversity has deteriorated worldwide. One million species are at risk of extinction within a few decades2.
Biodiversity appears in many ways in our food system, from the diversity of crops farmers plant, to wildlife habitat on farms, to thriving ecosystems. To maintain the health of our planet and our food systems, it’s important that we take steps to protect it.
Fortunately, nature and agriculture can serve as a tool to protect and restore the landscapes and species our communities need to flourish. Since 2015, Kellogg has helped more than 445,000 farmers and agronomists. Our work includes programs to boost their yields and improve livelihoods, while also taking steps to help promote biodiversity around the world. Much of this work takes place through more than 40 Kellogg’s Origins™ programs that help farmers implement conservation practices to support a regenerative food system for the future. that help farmers implement conservation practices to support a regenerative food system for the future.
Kellogg’s Origins™ partners with farmers in multiple U.S. states, U.K., Spain, Australia and Madagascar to encourage growing cover crops. Cover crops not only diversify the crops in farmers’ rotations, but also help build healthy soils where microbes, earthworms and other soil species can thrive. Diversifying crops can also support farmers’ livelihoods. In 2018-2020, as part of a three-year collaboration with supplier Olam Group to support cocoa farmers in Ecuador, 30 fruit trees and 20 native trees are for every hectare planted with new cocoa seedlings. This helped to promote greater agrobiodiversity on cocoa plantations and help farmers create new sources of income.
Pollinators and Wildlife
Supporting wildlife, whether on-farm or in-field, and growing healthy crops can go hand-in-hand. We take steps to promote these practices through our Kellogg's Origins™ partnerships.
For example, in 2018, Kellogg helped rice farmers in Spain’s Delta Del Ebro region install 323 bat boxes, providing habitats for this natural pest predator and pollinator. In our work with wheat farmers in our U.K. supply chain, we began a pilot project to test whether planting wildflower borders and beetle habitats improves on-farm biodiversity, with 2020 goals to encourage natural pest predators and reduce pesticide use.
Protecting Forests and Ecosystems
Forests play an essential role in the global environment, supporting countless species as well as the livelihoods of more than a billion people3. Yet, since the beginning of the industrial revolution, only 15% of intact forests remain4. Our Global Policy on Deforestation outlines how we are combatting deforestation across our supply chain, including palm oil, soy and paper and pulp. Protecting ecosystems also informs our support for farmers.
For example, as part of our responsible sourcing for vanilla, we’ve worked with our supplier, Symrise, to train vanilla farmers in Madagascar in alternatives to slash-and-burn practices, which helps to protect ecosystems in one of the world’s biodiversity hot spots5.
As part of our vision for responsibly sourcing palm oil, we have developed an Impact Incubator to support smallholders and forest communities, in recognition that current certification and supply chain models have not been effectively inclusive of these groups.
Responsibly Managing Pests
Kellogg’s Origins™ projects in the U.S., U.K, Spain, Mexico, Ecuador, Argentina, India and Madagascar have directly trained farmers in integrated pest management, alternatives to synthetic pesticides, and other strategies to manage crop pests while minimizing impact to people and planet, including beneficial insect species.
In 2020 and 2021, Kellogg partnered with the American Society of Agronomy to offer a free, five-part North American Integrated Pest Management (IPM) training series to support continuing education opportunities in responsible pest management for Certified Crop Advisors (CCAs) across the region. In 2020, over 1,000 CCAs, and other trusted advisors to U.S. and Canadian farmers, joined the series’ first installment, Towards More Holistic IPM.
Since 2015, our Kashi® brand has also helped U.S. farmers transition more than 10,000 acres from conventional to organic farming through its Certified Transitional program. We continue to share best practices and results from these initiatives.